There have been recent reports of chikungunya in Mombasa.So far as at Jan 8th, the county government had confirmed 32 cases of Chikungunya fever out of 120 suspected cases. Here’s what you need to know about the Chikungunya virus;
It’s transmitted via one particular species of mosquito.
Humans contract the virus through mosquito bites, according to the World Health Organization. The Aedes species of mosquito, particularly Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus, transmits the virus.
Onset of symptoms usually starts three to seven days after the mosquito bite.
The symptoms can include headache, joint swelling, rash and muscle pain, with fever and joint pain being the most common symptoms,
The virus lasts five to seven days in most humans.
During this time period, mosquitoes who bite an infected person can then become infected with the virus, according to the World Health Organization.
There is no treatment or cure.
The best thing patients can do is rest, drink fluids and take pain-relieving and fever-reducing medicine like ibuprofen or acetaminophen.
Most patients fully recover.
The disease does not usually kill. Most people will feel better within a week, though some are never relieved of the debilitating joint pain.
The best way to protect yourself from chikungunya is to protect yourself against mosquitoes.
Take measures such as wearing long sleeves to protect your skin from bites and using insect repellent. And make sure to call a medical professional if you develop any symptoms consistent with chikungunya.
Female Aedes aegypti chiefly lay their eggs in artificial containers with vertical walls and a bit of standing water. They find the perfect incubators in those flower pots, tires, buckets, planters, toys, birdbaths, empty garbage cans and lids in our yards and on our decks. Once the eggs hatch, the larvae drop down into the water, where they mature into adult mosquitoes. This is why it’s so important to check your house, yard and neighborhood weekly for these kinds of containers. Empty and scrub them. Turn them over, cover them, dry them out or throw them out.